Type II diabetes develops in people based on their lifestyle and food choices. Some patients correct their diabetes with exercise and proper diet. Others require help from insulin therapy and diabetes medications. Many factors determine which of these medications the patient should take. Underlying health conditions and blood sugar levels are often the principal ones. The attending physician might even prescribe diabetes drugs from various classes to help regulate the patient’s sugar levels. Below are the possible prescription medications for patients with Type II diabetes:
1. Metformin. This is the primary medication given to Type II diabetes patients. It improves the body’s insulin sensitivity. This way, the body utilizes insulin more efficiently. Metformin also lowers the liver’s production of glucose. The doctor may prescribe this plus telling the patient to lose weight and be more active. Diarrhea and nausea are expected side effects.
2. Meglitinides. These meds work faster to stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin. Its effects in the body do not last long. It lowers blood sugar much lower than sulfonylureas. One adverse effect of this medication is weight gain.
3. DPP-4 inihibitors. These diabetes meds lower blood glucose levels modestly. Weight gain is not an issue when a patient takes them.
4. Thiazolidinediones. These are similar to metformin because they increase the insulin sensitivity of tissues. Once taken, these medications may result in serious side-effects such as weight gain and an increased risk of fractures and heart failure. Because of the risks, thiazolidinediones are not usually the first choice diabetes treatment.
5. GLP-1 receptor agonists. These diabetes medications help lower blood sugar levels and slow digestion. They are often associated with weight loss. Side effects include nausea and an increased risk of developing pancreatitis.
6. Insulin therapy. Some patients who have Type II diabetes undergo insulin therapy as part of their treatment. Before, this was the last resort, but presently, insulin therapy is often prescribed a lot sooner because it is beneficial to diabetic patients. It is a more efficient way of getting insulin into the blood, as opposed to taking it orally. Digestion often interferes with the journey of insulin toward the bloodstream. Insulin therapy involves injecting insulin into the body. This way, the patient is sure that the medication reaches the blood faster.
7. SGLT2 inhibitors. These medications are new. They prevent kidneys from reabsorbing glucose into the blood. Sugar is, instead, excreted through the urine. Side effects are hypotension, urinary tract infections, polyuria, and yeast infection.
It is best to talk to the attending physician about these diabetes medications to see which will benefit the patient most. A change in lifestyle and diet would help the drugs work more efficiently.


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