This may sound far-fetched but if you’re 10 centimeters taller, your risk of developing Type II diabetes lowers. In males, there is a 41% decreased risk. In females, about 33%. The results are based on the latest study in Diabetologia.
The researchers proposed that this inverse association between Type II diabetes and height could be because of more encouraging cardiometabolic factors (C-reactive protein, blood fats, and adiponectin) and less buildup of fat in the patient’s liver.
Link Between Type II Diabetes and Short Height
Studies show that a person’s shortness is associated with an elevated risk of developing Type II diabetes. These studies are reports saying that taller people have a higher sensitivity to insulin. Their pancreatic beta cells function better as well. The research also established links between the higher risk of developing cardiovascular ailments and shorter height.
Sitting Height and Length of the Legs
The two components of height—sitting height and leg length—should also be examined more carefully. In males, the reduced risk of Type II diabetes and just the longer length of legs have a strong connection. Their growth before puberty contributes to lowered Type II diabetes risk. In females, both leg length and sitting height added to this general effect. Both their prepuberty and post-puberty growth contribute to their lowered risk of developing Type II diabetes.
Cardiometabolic Profile and Liver Fat
Researchers also assessed the limit to which cardiometabolic risk factors and liver fat can elaborate on the connection of Type II diabetes and height. They discovered that when they took away the possible effect of fat in the liver, there was a 34% lowered risk of Type II diabetes for every 10 centimeters of extra height in males. In females, there was 13%. In both genders, glycated hemoglobin and blood fats influenced the connection between Type II diabetes and height.
In females, C-reactive protein (an inflammation marker) and adiponectin (hormone affecting blood glucose) both impacted the relationship between Type II diabetes risk and height.
These results lead to a recommendation for doctors to keep an eye on the cardiometabolic risk in shorter patients even if their composition and body size tell them the contrary.
An Extra Kilo of Abdominal Fat in Woman Can Increase Their Diabetes Risk
It has long been established that having excess fat in the body is a risk for numerous metabolic conditions such as Type II diabetes. Yet, current studies show that the body’s fat content is not the only consideration that leads to such conditions.
The research was covered by Medical News Today, which elaborated on why physicians should evaluate the areas of the body where fat gathers. Sweden’s Uppsala University found that fat usually accumulates around vital organs. These are called visceral fat, which increases Type II diabetes risk, specifically in women.
Visceral fat is not visible from outside the body. It is also a challenge to ascertain where it’s stored in the body. CT scans, dual X-ray absorptiometry, and MRI scans are the costly tests required to see where visceral fat truly is.
Once the visceral fat is calculated in the body, the scientists performed a genome-wide association analysis. The evaluation enabled them to pinpoint visceral fat as a primary risk factor for hyperlipidemia, hypertension, angina, heart attack, and Type II diabetes.
The study’s co-author, Asa Johansson, said that they were surprised that visceral fat was associated with the risk of Type II diabetes in women. An excess of 1 kilogram of visceral fat in women can increase their risk of developing Type II diabetes at least seven times. In men, the risk of Type II diabetes just increases two times.
Another area of the same study concentrated on identifying the specific genes that influence the visceral fat stored in the body of the participants. The said genes have connections to certain behaviors. They suggest that unhealthy lifestyle habits such as sedentary living and overeating are vital factors in storing excess fat around organs.
Even those who don’t appear to be fat can still possess concealed visceral fat that can be harmful to their general health. The scientists hope that their new technique in assessing visceral fat can make it quicker and easier for health specialists to spot patients who are at risk of metabolic or cardiovascular conditions.